Engineering Physics 1st Year Syllabus Complete Notes


Unit – I

Relativistic Mechanics

Unit – II

Modern Physics:

Unit – III

Wave Optics:



Unit – IV

Polarization and Laser:



Unit – V:

Fiber Optics and Holography:

Fiber Optics:



Unit – I

Crystal Structures and X-ray Diffraction:

  • Space Lattice
  • Basis
  • Unit Cell
  • Lattice Parameter
  • Seven Crystal Systems and Fourteen Bravais Lattices
  • Crystal-System Structure
  • Packing Factor (cubic, body and face)
  • Crystal Structure of NaCl and Diamond
  • Lattice Planes and Miller Indices
  • Reciprocal Lattice
  • Diffraction of X-rays by Crystal
  • Laue’s Experiment
  • Bragg’s Law
  • Bragg’s Spectrometer
  • Compton Effect.

Unit – II

Dielectric and Magnetic Properties of Materials:

Dielectric Properties:

  • Dielectric constant of dielectric materials
  • Polarization of dielectric materials
  • Types of Polarization (Polarizability)
  • Equation of internal fields in liquid and solid ( One- Dimensional)
  • Claussius Mussoti- Equation
  • Ferro and Piezo electricity (Qualitative)
  • Frequency dependence of dielectric constant,
  • Dielectric Losses,
  • Important applications of dielectric material,
  • Ferroelectricity
  • Piezoelectricity

Magnetic Properties:

  • Magnetization
  • Origin of magnetic moment
  • Dia, para and ferro magnetism,
  • Langevin’s theory for dia and paramagnetic material,
  • Phenomena of hysteresis and its applications.


Electromagnetic Theory:

  • Current
  • Equation of continuity
  • Electromagnetics
  • Displacement Current
  • Maxwell’s Equations (Integral and Differential Forms)
  • Equation of continuity
  • EM- Wave equation and its propagation characteristics in free space
  • Propagation characteristics in conducting media
  • Poynting theorem & Poynting vectors
  • EM – Wave equation and its propagation characteristics in free space, nonconducting and in conducting media
  • Energy density of electromagnetic wave
  • Skin depth.

Unit – IV:

Band Theory of Solids:

  • Free electron Theory
  • Formation of bands in Solids
  • Classification of solids on band theory
  • Density of states
  • Fermi-Dirac distribution
  • Concept of effective mass
  • Charge carrier density (electrons and holes)
  • Conductivity of semiconductors
  • Carrier concentrations Fermi energy
  • Position of Fermi level in intrinsic and in extrinsic semiconductors
  • Temperature dependence of conductivity in semiconductors


Physics of some Technologically Important Materials:



  • Basic principle of nanoscience and technology
  • structure,
  • properties and uses of Fullerene and Carbon nanotubes,
  • Applications of nanotechnology.

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