Acceptance Angle of Optical Fiber for Engineering Physics:
The maximum incidence angle of a light ray which can be used for injecting light into a fiber core or waveguide is know as Acceptance Angle.
The acceptance angle of an optical fiber is defined based on a purely geometrical consideration (ray optics): it is the maximum angle of a ray (against the fiber axis) hitting the fiber core which allows the incident light to be guided by the core. The sine of that acceptable angle is called the numerical aperture, and it is essentially determined by the refractive index contrast between core and cladding of the fiber, assuming that the incident beam comes from air or vacuum:
Here, ncore and ncladding are the refractive indices of core and cladding, respectively, and n0 is the refractive index of the medium around the fiber, which is close to 1 in case of air.
Acceptance Cone of Optical Fiber:
In Fiber optics, the cone within which Optical Power may be coupled into the bound Modes of an optical fiber. Note: The acceptance cone is derived by rotating the Acceptance Angle about the fiber axis.